PAD 500 Week 3 DQ,
I want to respond to the first bullet point
I am aware that there are five steps that most Policy Analysts attempt to follow and these are:
- Definition of the problem
- Setting objectives and criteria
- Developing alternatives
- Analyzing various policies
- Ranking and choosing
Under the Definition of Problem
Policy analysts need to decide which of the problems facilng public organisations are most pressing. There are several questions that need answers, the analyst must seek a clear statement of the problem, information of the nature and range of solutions. These questions include but not limited to: who is affected? Why has the problem surfaced? How does this problem relate to similar problems? E.g. building homes for the disabled: The analyst should be informed about the time or money and the limitations. He/she can talk to those who did similar jobs.
Setting Objective and Criteria
In setting the objective and criteria, the analyst should be able to say what the project is worth for the agency to achieve result A instead of B, e.g. routing a highway, the factors to be considered are the cost of the project, how many people will use the high way, number of houses and other properties that might be displaced, impact of noise and pollution on adjacent neighborhoods. These should be ranked, the analyst be asked to seek the solution maximizes output and minimize cost. The different stakeholders should be considered when making that choice.