OPS 571 Week 2 Operational Analysis

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OPS 571 Week 2 Operational Analysis,Week 2 Quiz,OPS 571 Week 2 Learning Team Reserved Reading Review

OPS 571 Week 2 Individual Process Designs and Supply Chains

This is part one of a two part assignment starting with an introductory look at process design and supply chains.

Identify a company with which you are familiar.  This could be your place of employment, a car wash, a yard service company, and so forth.

Write a paper in which you describe the current state of your selected company’s supply chain and an identified process.

Required Elements:

  • Describe the company’s supply chain
  • Identify a process internal to the company that you wish to analyze.
  • Describe the process internal to the company that you wish to analyze.
  • Identify an appropriate design approach for the process you have chosen.
  • Create a high-level AS IS process flow chart using an appropriate tool.
  • Identify at least one metric to measure the process and its application (how, what, when, and who).
  • Use an appropriate tool to collect data for each step of the process.
  • No more than 700 words
  • Consistent with APA format

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 

Review the article “An Approach of Capability Representation for Improving Capacity Planning”.

Requirement: Be prepared to discuss the assignment at the beginning of class.

Submit the Learning Team Charter with this assignment.

  • 1

Which of the following is a situation that likely will yield economies of scale?

Large factory with dedicated capacity that is able to produce twice the number of units as locally demanded

Factory that produces low volume, customized products

Company with factories in multiple countries that produces products for local demand

Factory that fully utilizes dedicated resources for information technology, material handling, and administrative support

Correct

  • 2

In setting up a kanban control system, you need to determine the number of kanban card sets needed. If the average number of units demanded is 1,000 per hour, the lead time to replenish the order for this item is 10 hours, the container size is 5 units, and the safety stock is estimated to be 5% of the expected demand, what is the number of kanban card sets needed?

210

440

1,050

2,100

Correct

  • 3

Which of the following operations consulting tools provide summary performance updates for specific processes and are generally presented in graphical form with color-coding of trend lines and alarms?

Stakeholder analysis

Process dashboards

Decision trees

Responsibility charts

Correct

  • 4

In the pull system, which of the following is the partner that begins the process of pulling?

Quality control personnel

Vendors

Customers

Executive management

Correct

  • 5

Which of the following terms refers to a special type of flowcharting tool that is valuable for the development of lean processes?

Value stream mapping

JIT production

Kaizen

Kanban production control system

Correct

  • 6

Which of the following are possible examples of cycle times?

Time to set up a new assembly line

Time required to produce a batch of parts

Time it takes for an instructor to grade an exam

Time that a part waits in queue

Correct

  • 7

Which of the following is a factor that causes a diseconomy of scale?

Increased total operating costs

Increased product value and prices

Increased transportation costs

Increased utilization

Correct

  • 8

What is the term that refers to “the fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in critical, contemporary measures of performance, such as cost, quality, service, and speed” (as cited in Jacobs & Chase, 2011, p. 461).

Continuous improvement

Operations consulting process

Reengineering

TQM

Correct

  • 9

Which of the following operations consulting tools are used in the cost impact and payoff analysis stage in the operations consulting process?

Plant audits and statistical tools

SPC tools and bottleneck analysis

Customer surveys and gap analysis

Decision trees and stakeholder analysis

Correct

  • 10

If the run time for a batch of parts is 25 minutes on a machine, and the setup time is 75 minutes, which of the following is the operation time?

3 minutes

25 minutes

75 minutes

100 minutes

Correct

  • 11

Which of the following is a principle of reengineering?

Integrate the outcomes of parallel activities

Capture information many times, at the source and where it is interpreted

Organize around the tasks

Treat geographically dispersed resources as though they were centralized

Correct

  • 12

The basic notion of economies of scale assumes which of the following?

Two plants can be operated at the same cost as a single plant

Average cost per unit of output drops as a plant gets larger and volume increases

Total cost of output drops as volume increases

A piece of equipment with twice the capacity of another piece typically costs twice as much to purchase and to operate

Correct

  • 13

To implement a flow process in developing a lean system, a firm might do which of the following?

Improve capacity utilization

Eliminate some fixed costs

Build product in anticipation of demand

Reduce setup/changeover time

Correct

  • 14

Which of the following is a key metric associated with value stream mapping?

Product demand

Lead time

Defects per million operations

Fixed costs

Correct

  • 15

Lean production seeks to achieve high volume production using which of the following?

Minimize utilization

Minimize inventory of raw materials

Maximize capacity

Maximize inventory of work-in-process

Correct

  • 16

Which of the following is one of the major types of stakeholders impacted by most consulting projects?

Suppliers

Other consultants

Board of directors

International government regulators

Correct

  • 17

An advantage of a make-to-stock process is which of the following?

All units of output are unique

Rapid delivery of a standard product

It responds directly to customer orders

It allows the firm to avoid inventory costs

Correct

  • 18

Which of the following production process terms best describes the situation when activities in a stage of production must stop because there is no work?

Buffering

Blocking

Starving

Multiple-stage processing

Correct

  • 19

According to Little’s law, which of the following can be used to estimate inventory?

Process time times cycle time

Process velocity times flow time

Throughput rate times flow time

Set up time times throughput rate

Correct

  • 20

Which of the following production process terms best describes a stage in a multiple-stage process that limits the capacity of the overall process?

Starving

Blocking

Bottleneck

Buffer

Correct

  • 21

In contrast to TQM, what approach seeks radical change through innovation?

Project management

Lean manufacturing

JIT distribution

Reengineering

Correct

 

Description

OPS 571 Week 2 Operational Analysis,

A key subject in planning a prodigious supply chain for industrial merchandises is defining the mode those merchandises are relocated from the industrial plant to the consumer. In lieu of consumer goods, this frequently encompasses stirring merchandise from the industrial plant to a storeroom and then to a trade supply (Jacobs, 2010). For instance, all those substances with “Made in China” on the sticker travel for many miles just to get to people in other continents. For instance, a sweatshirt perhaps has made a tour elongated than you might ever mark. To retain the value of the sweatshirt dejected, that tour need be made as resourcefully as imaginable. There is on no account expressing in what way that sweatshirt made the tour. It must have been hovered in a jet or must have journeyed in an arrangement of automobiles, perhaps going by wagon part of the journey and by yacht or aircraft the rest of the way (Jacobs, 2010). Logistics is, therefore, about this relocation of merchandises in form of the supply chain.

International logistics

The Association for Processes Administration describes logistics as “the skill and discipline of attaining, manufacturing, and allotting substances and merchandise in the right domicile and by correct amounts.” This is an objectively wide description, and these discussions will emphasis on how to analyze where to locate storerooms and companies and how to assess the relocation of supplies to and from those whereabouts. The word global logistics denotes to organizing these tasks when the relocation is on a universal gauge. Evidently, if the China-made item is vended in the U.S or Europe, this includes global logistics.

 

 

 

Flow chart 1

 

Decisions Related to Logistics

The problematic of determining how preeminent to conveyance merchandises from plants to consumers is a difficult one that distresses the price of merchandise. Key trade-offs associated with the cost of conveying the merchandise, rapidity of provision, and elasticity to respond to variations are convoluted (Jacobs, 2010). Data structures play a key part in directing undertakings and comprise events such as allotting capitals, managing account intensities, forecasting, and order pursuing.

Cross-docking

Exceptional alliance stores are castoff when consignments from numerous springs are drawn together and joint into greater deliveries with a communal endpoint. This advances the productivity of the whole arrangement. Cross-docking is a methodology applied in these partnership depositories, where, as an alternative of bigger consignments, big deliveries are broken-down into trivial deliveries for confined conveyance in a zone. This regularly can be completed in a harmonized way so that the merchandises not once are kept in an account.

Vendors obtain consignments from many dealers in their local warehouses and instantaneously class those consignments for conveyance to distinct supplies by expanding cross-docking structures synchronized by high-tech regulatory arrangements (Jacobs, 2010). This results in a nominal volume of record being conceded in the storerooms.

Flow chart 2

Third-party Logistics Company

There are corporations that major in logistics. Some of them include United Parcel Service (UPS), DHL and Federal Express (FedEx). These international corporations are in the trade of transporting entirety from plants to manufacturing tools (Jacobs, 2010). Currently, an industrial corporation most frequently will indenture with one

 

Team reflection

 

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